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润滑油添加剂的化学特性和功能

来源:润滑油聚焦 发布时间:2018/11/20 21:04:24 阅读:次 【字体:

润滑油被用于减少摩擦和磨损,耗散设备关键部位的热量,去除和悬浮可能影响性能的沉积物,并保护金属表面免于降解和腐蚀。它们适用于各种用途,每种应用都需要将基础油和添加剂进行不同的组合。在这样一个复杂的行业中,开发出有效的润滑油面临着许多的挑战。

基础油本身承担了润滑油的大部分功能。但是,它们只能完成部分工作。当润滑油的基础油不能提供用途需要的所有性能时,需要使用到添加剂。它们被用于改善基础油的良好性能,并将不良性能降至最低,弥补了作为基础的基础油系统固有的缺陷。

Lubricants are used to reduce friction and wear, dissipate heat from critical parts of equipment, remove and suspend deposits that may affect performance and protect metal surface damage from degradation and corrosion. They serve a diverse range of applications, each requiring a different combination of base oils and additives. With such a complex industry, there are many challenges to developing effective lubricants.

Base oils themselves perform most of the functions oflubricants. But they can only do part of the job. Additives are needed when alubricant’s base oil doesn’t provide all the properties the applicationrequires. They’re used to improve the good properties of the base oils andminimize the bad. They compensate for the deficiencies inherently present inbasic base oil systems.

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